Basic components of Windows

 There are three basic components of windows, which are as follows,

  1.  The DESKTOP 
  2.  The ICON 
  3.  The WINDOW 

Basic components of Windows

Basic components of Windows

The DESKTOP

This is the initial screen displayed by the Windows operating system right after booting. It contains all essential icons on its left corner and taskbar at the lower portion of the desktop. 

The Taskbar 

This is the bar that is placed at the bottom area of the DESKTOP. It contains the start button at the left most corner, the 

The ICON 

The pictorial representation of any file, folder and program is called an ICON, For example, This PC, My Networks, Recycle Bin, etc.

The Window

This is a rectangular portion that contains an application 

Also, Read - Fundamentals of computers

COMPONENT OF WINDOW 

            The window is the rectangular portion or a frame that contains any file, folder, or program on it. A typical window may contain the following elements, 

  • Title Bar 
  • Menu Bar 
  • Scroll Bar 
  • Status Bar. 
  • Title Bar 

          This is the bar that contains the name or title of a file, folder, or program. It also contains window management buttons like minimize, maximize/restore and close at its rightmost corner, It contains a quick access toolbar and control menu icon on its left corner. 

The window has 3 states, which are as follows, 

  • Original State 
  • Maximized state or fit to screen state 
  • Minimized state 
  • Controlling or working with window 

Here controlling means restoring, minimizing, maximizing, closing, sizing, and moving the window. To open the control menu we can click on the control menu icon from the title or can press Alt+space

Restore

This option helps to keep the window in its original state. To do restore press Alt+space+r from

the keyboard

                         OR

Click on the restore button on the mouse

                         OR

Double Click on the title bar to restore the window

Move

This option lets you physically move the window around the desktop. To do this task press Alt+space+m from the keyboard. 


The start pointer will appear on the title bar. Then with the help of arrow keys move the window. After moving press enter key to fix it.

                          OR

Place the pointer at the title bar then use the drag and drop system to move the window.

SIZE

This will change the size of the window. With the help of the keyboard press Alt+apace+. Then use

arrow keys to change the size of the window and finally press the enter key to fix it.

                            OR

Place the mouse pointer at any edge of the window then use the drag and drop system to change the size of the window. and after changing the release button from the mouse.

Minimize

This will keep the window in its minimized state on the taskbar. To do this operation press 

Alt + Space +n.                           

                            OR 

Click on the minimize button 

Maximize 

This will keep the window in its maximized or fit-to-screen state. To maximize any window press ALT+SPACE+X 

                             OR

Click on the maximize button. 

                             OR 

Double click on the title bar. Close the window. Press ALT+SPACE+C OR ALT +F4 OR ALT+F+Xx 

                             OR

Click on the close button from the title bar.

                             OR

Double click on the control menu icon


Written By Bulu Pradhan

Do share this blog with your friends to spread the knowledge. Visit our YouTube channel for more content. You can read more blogs from here.

Post a Comment

0 Comments
* Please Don't Spam Here. All the Comments are Reviewed by Admin.